Costs (dashboard)

This page explains the different categories that comprise the total annual costs displayed on your dashboard in the ETM.

Total annual costs#

The yearly total cost indicator is broken down into ten categories: heat, electricity, hydrogen, transport fuels, non-energetic fuels (feedstock), energy infrastructure, insulation, flexibility, vehicles and carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS).

Heat#

This category includes depreciation costs, costs of capital, operation and maintenance costs, and fuel costs for all heating and cooling technologies, in all sectors (e.g. households heating appliances, industrial burners etc.). In addition, district heating network costs are included.

Note: CHPs are included in the Electricity category. Fuel costs of heating technologies using electricity or hydrogen are not included. These costs are taken into account in the Electricity and Hydrogen sections.

Electricity#

Similar to the heat category, this includes all costs related to electricity production, including CHPs. In addition, costs of imported electricity are taken into account. This category also includes additional investment and O&M costs for power plants with carbon capture.

Note: The ETM does not compute revenues from electricity export.

Hydrogen#

Similar to heat and electricity, this includes all costs related to hydrogen production. In addition, costs of imported hydrogen, hydrogen infrastructure costs and hydrogen storage costs are taken into account. This category also includes additional investment and O&M costs for hydrogen plants with carbon capture.

Note: The ETM does not compute revenues from hydrogen export.

Transport fuels#

Fuel costs are based the final demand of the transportation sector and the given energy carriers costs. This does not include the transport systems themselves (such as cars, train and planes). This category also includes the costs of natural gas and oil transportation losses. Fuel costs for hydrogen cars and electric cars are included in the Electricity and Hydrogen categories.

Non-energetic fuels#

Besides the energetic use of fuels, fuels are also used non-energetically (e.g. feedstock in industry). This calculation determines the costs based on the final demand of non-energetic use of fuels in all sectors. Multiplied with the given energy carriers costs, this results in the total costs for non-energetic fuels.

Note: Hydrogen feedstock is included in the Hydrogen category.

Infrastructure#

The network cost include annual investment and maintenance costs for both the power grid and (natural) gas network. These costs are only calculated for selected regions. For more information on the electricity network, see this

Note: Hydrogen and district heating infrastructure costs are included in the Hydrogen and Heat categories.

Insulation#

This category includes costs for insulation in the households and buildings sector.

Checkout: the insulation infopage for more information.

Flexibility#

This category includes costs related to flexibility options such as batteries and power-to-heat. Electricity input costs are not taken into account: all costs related to electricity production are included in the Electricity category.

Note: Costs for batteries in electric vehicles are not included as these batteries are not primarily used for flex. If desired, users can include costs for EV with a slider (see Vehicles). Costs for power-to-hydrogen are included in the Hydrogen category.

Vehicles#

This category includes (additional) investment costs in electric cars and hydrogen cars. By default, these costs are zero. You can change this if desired.

Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS)#

This category includes depreciation costs, costs of capital, operation and maintenance costs for:

  • carbon capture technologies (in industry and DAC)
  • sequestration of CO2
  • utilisation of CO2 (production of synthetic methanol, kerosene)
  • transport of CO2 (via pipelines, ships)

Note: Additional investment and O&M costs for carbon capture in power plants and hydrogen plants is included in the Electricity and Hydrogen categories. Energy costs (fuel costs) for CO2 capture, sequestration, transport and storage are included in the Electricity (e.g. compression) and Hydrogen (e.g. feedstock input for synthetic methanol or kerosene) series.