Overview of costs per sector

Below you can find an overview of the different cost components that are taken into account by the ETM per sector. You can use this to gain a better understanding of the cost calculations in the ETM and cost results in your scenario.

Households#

SubjectCost components
Space heating & hot water technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Cooling technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
InsulationInvestment costs
Solar PV & solar thermalInvestment, O&M costs
Appliances, cooking and lightingFuel costs

Buildings#

SubjectCost components
Space heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Cooling technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
InsulationInvestment costs
Solar PV & solar thermalInvestment, O&M costs
Appliances, lightingFuel costs

Transport#

SubjectCost components
All vehiclesFuel costs
Electric cars and hydrogen cars(Optional) additional investment costs

Agriculture#

SubjectCost components
Heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
AppliancesFuel costs

Industry#

SubjectCost components
Heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
AppliancesFuel costs
FeedstockFuel costs

Flexibility#

SubjectCost components
All flex technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs

Energy Infrastructure#

SubjectCost components
ElectricityInvestment, O&M costs per grid level (HV/MV/LV). Including off-shore grid, interconnection and transformers
District heatingInvestment, O&M costs. Distinction between indoor costs, primary and secondary distribution pipelines, exchanger stations and storage costs (per MWh stored)
HydrogenCosts per transported MWh; storage costs per MWh stored
Natural gasFixed amount of annualised infrastructure cost. This amount is area dependent but does not vary with gas demand in a scenario

Energy production#

SubjectCost components
ElectricityFor each installed power plant, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, a price (curve) can be set in the model. The electricity price per hour follows from the Merit Order calculation
HeatFor each heater, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, costs per GJ can be set in the model.
HydrogenFor each installed hydrogen plant, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, costs per MWh can be set in the model.
Other carriers (natural gas, coal, oil, transport fuels, biomass etc.)Costs per unit (MWh, barrel, tonne etc.) can be set in the model

Carbon capture, utilisation and storage (CCUS)#

SubjectCost components
Capture of CO2 in industryInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Capture of CO2 in energy sectorInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Direct Air Capture of CO2Investment, O&M, fuel costs
Sequestration of CO2Investment, O&M, fuel costs
Utilisation of captured CO2 (production of synthetic methanol and kerosene)Investment, O&M, fuel costs
CO2 infrastructureInvestment, O&M for transportation via pipelines and ships