Overview of costs per sector

Below you can find an overview per sector of the different costs taken into account by the ETM.

Households

SubjectCost components
Space heating & hot water technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Cooling technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
InsulationInvestment costs
Solar PV & solar thermalInvestment, O&M costs
Appliances, cooking and lightingFuel costs

Buildings

SubjectCost components
Space heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
Cooling technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
InsulationInvestment costs
Solar PV & solar thermalInvestment, O&M costs
Appliances, lightingFuel costs

Transport

SubjectCost components
All vehiclesFuel costs
Electric cars and hydrogen cars(Optional) additional investment costs

Agriculture

SubjectCost components
Heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
AppliancesFuel costs

Industry

SubjectCost components
Heating technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs
AppliancesFuel costs
FeedstockFuel costs
CCSCost per captured tonne CO2

Flexibility

SubjectCost components
All flex technologiesInvestment, O&M, fuel costs

Energy Infrastructure

SubjectCost components
ElectricityInvestment, O&M costs per grid level (HV/MV/LV). Including off-shore grid, interconnection and transformers
District heatingInvestment, O&M costs. Distinction between indoor costs, primary and secondary distribution pipelines, exchanger stations and storage costs (per MWh stored)
HydrogenCosts per transported MWh; storage costs per MWh stored
Natural gasFixed amount of annualised infrastructure cost. This amount is area dependent but does not vary with gas demand in a scenario

Energy production

SubjectCost components
ElectricityFor each installed power plant, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, a price (curve) can be set in the model. The electricity price per hour follows from the Merit Order calculation
HeatFor each heater, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, costs per GJ can be set in the model.
HydrogenFor each installed hydrogen plant, the ETM takes into account investment, O&M and input fuel costs. For imports, costs per MWh can be set in the model.
Other carriers (natural gas, coal, oil, transport fuels, biomass etc.)Costs per unit (MWh, barrel, tonne etc.) can be set in the model